Post by Khalid ibn Walid on Mar 25, 2006 5:29:44 GMT -5
Here's some references & readings on Italian history. Tag on your suggestions.
Too many good ones to list. The following were particularly useful for the construction of this mod:
- J.C.L. Simonde de Sismondi (1809-18) "Histoire des republiques italiennes du moyen age" Vol. I, Vol. II (Sismondi is the classic history of the era of the Lombard communes. In French. Links are to a pdf fascimile edition at the Bibliotheque Nationale de France).
- W.F. Butler (1906) "The Lombard Communes: A history of the republics of north Italy" (1969, New York: Haskell) (relied on this heavily)
- Lauro Martines (1988) "Power and Imagination: City States in Renaissance Italy" (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press). (more updated; extremely nice, but less detail)
- Peter Partner (1972) "The Lands of St. Peter: The Papal State in the middle ages and early renaissance." (Berkely: UC Press)
- Gino Luzzatto,(1961) "An Economic History of Italy from the Fall of the Roman Empire to the beginning of the Sixteenth Century. (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul)
Durant, Will and Ariel (1953) "The Renaissance: A History of Civilization in Italy from the Birth of Petrarch to the Death of Titian - 1304 - 1576" (1953, New York: Simon and Schuster)
A very intensive look at Italian civilization and history within its stated time period - encompasses the rise of the Medici under Giovanni di Bicci and Cosimo de Medici, and their decline under Lorenzo "il Magnifico". Also deals with the fall of the Visconti and the rise of the Sforza dynasty in Milan. There is a large portion on Venetian politics, history, and policy that I personally found very interesting. Also, there are large portions of the book devoted to the poetry, sculpture, and paintings of Italy at this time, focusing especially on those influenced by the Florentine Renaissance.
All in all, a very informative and enjoyable resource.
EDIT - That Butler volume is pricey, I can only find it for around 75 dollars used.
And now for a recent acquisition (and so far, the most informative and interesting book on the subject I have encountered) that is pretty readily available from Amazon.
Hyde, J.K. (1973) "Society and Politics in Medieval Italy: The Evolution of the Civil Life, 1000-1350." (1973, New York: St. Martin's Press).
A very thorough look at medieval politics and life in Italy. The book begins by examining the civic life during the late Roman Empire, and shows how the cities slowly grew in power through the Lombard and Frankish invasions. Also goes into some detail about the naval wars of Genoa and Pisa, with extensive exploration of how these Northern Italian coastal towns became important hubs of trade. Speaks rather briefly about the Italian raids on North Africa, Egypt, and Sicily; and deals with the captures of Corsica, Sardinia, and the Balearic Islands from Muslim forces.
Next, the book explores the civic nature of the commune - how they developed from the duchies of Lombardia, resisted Papal and Imperial subjection alike, and formed their political and civic institutions. Also includes maps of city layouts and a very informative discussion about the practice of forming a colony city on the boundaries of one's territory to block enemy attacks.
Finally, the book examines the podestas, the Archbishops, and the marquises of the 13th century, dealing heavily with the interactions of podesta with consuls and other civic bodies. Finishes with an overview of the events of the 13th century, and examines the terrible wars of the Lombard Leagues against Frederick II Stupor Mundi, in which Vicenza was destroyed and Lombardia devastated.
The next section deals with politics in the age of Dante, the wars of the Guelphs and Ghibillines, and the slow withdrawal of Imperial forces from Italy. Also addresses the growing role of the signoria in civic life.
The next two sections deal with the triumph of the cities, the fight against the encroachment of the marquises, and the expanding role of the Italians in international trade. The book ends by examining the effects of the Black Death on Italian civic life and trade, and outlining Marsiglio of Padua's plan for peace amongst the Lombard cities.
All in all, my favorite book that I have yet read on the subject. Concise and readable prose contribute to the appeal of this volume.
"It is hard for the rich to live in Florence, if they do not rule the state." - Lorenzo il Magnifico
H.K. Mann (1914) Lives of the Popes in the Middle Ages: The Popes at the height of their Temporal influence, Innocent II to Blessed Benedict XI 1130-1305 - gazillion volumes, of which the following is online: Vol. 9 - 1130-1159, Vol. 10 - 1159-1198
Post by Khalid ibn Walid on Jan 6, 2008 13:06:35 GMT -5
Adding some other volumes to the reading list that I've been lately perusing:
D. Waley (1969) The Italian City-Republics. New York: McGraw-Hill. - excellent, brief and cheap. Very good on the internal politics of cities in our time period. If you see it, get it.
H. Nolthenius (1968) Duecento: The late Middle Ages in Italy. New York: McGraw-Hill. - OK read. The right time period. But a little too focused on culture and not enough on politics. Too much Tuscany & Sicily. But still good.
O. Prescott (1972) Lords of Italy: Portraits from the Middle Ages. New York: Harper-Row. - - Sheer fun. Brief, light profiles of all your favorite villains, from Robert d'Hauteville through Ezzelino da Romano to the Visconti.
J. Larner (1965) The Lords oF Romagna: Romagnol society and the origins of the Signorie. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press. - scholarly, focused on Forli/Faenza/Ravenna rather than the whole, but very detailed on internal government and politics of a typical commune, and a blow-by-blow account of how they slipped into tyrannies.
A. Molho, editor, (1969) Social & Economic Foundations of the Italian Renaissance. New York: Wiley. - collection of scholarly essays on the socio-economic milieu. A little after our time, but useful.
M.K. Spike (2004) Tuscan Countess: The life and extraordinary times of Mathilda of Canossa. New York: Vendome. - pulp biography of the Founding Mother of the Guelfs.
J.J. Norwich (1982) A History of Venice New York: Vintage. - if you've ever read Norwich, you know you're in for a treat. Best narrative history of Venice ever.
F.C. Lane (1973) Venice: A maritime republic Baltimore: Johns Hopkins. = Lane, a superb economic historian, here tries to write a more accessible book. Complements Norwich nicely - Norwich goes doge-by-doge, Lane gives the big picture.
K. Hegel (1847) Geschichte der Städteverfassung von Italien: Seit der Zeit der römischen bis zum Ausgang des zwolfen Jahrhunderts - Vol. 1, Vol. 2 (Italian towns from Roman times until 1200s)
T. de Partouneaux (1843) Histoire de la conquête de la Lombardie par Charlemagne - [url=http://books.google.com/books?id=1g4NAAAAYAAJ&printsec =titlepage]Vol. 1[/url], [url=http://books.google.com/books?id=tWtJAAAAMAAJ&printsec =frontcover]Vol. 2[/url] (Charlemagne's conquest of Lombardia)
P. de Haulleville (1858) Histoire des communes lombardes depuis leur origine jusqu'à la fin du XIIIe - Vol I, Vol. 2 (Lombard communes until end of 13th C.)